Animals, like humans, are exposed to environmental risks on a daily basis, so it is impossible to know at what point a pet may need medication. The danger in dogs and cats is also associated with a natural curiosity for unusual objects. Pets interact with the outside world using their mouths and paws. Read more about the cat first aid kit.
Insects, poisonous food, certain types of plants, chemicals cause an immediate reaction of the body with subsequent intoxication. You need to provide first aid to your pet immediately, but remember that in this case, the responsibility falls entirely on your shoulders. Owners can facilitate and improve the health of their pets if they have experience and a basic level of knowledge in the field of medicine. For this purpose, in a place accessible to the owners, a veterinary first-aid kit should be organized, by analogy with a human one.
Only a veterinarian in a clinic can provide full-fledged drug treatment. It would be optimal to consult with a doctor about each case, provide first aid, and quickly transport the animal to a veterinary hospital.
Self-treatment can only worsen the situation, do not use drugs that you are not sure about!
List of drugs for a veterinary first aid kit
A universal basic set should contain drugs of various pharmacological groups, these are:
- antiseptic substances;
- pain relievers;
Be sure to keep track of the expiration date of the drugs that you are going to use with your pet. An expired drug, at best, will not have any effect on the animal’s body, and at worst, it will cause a toxic effect.
Among antiseptics, preference is given to Terramycin in the form of an aerosol. Ease of use is supported by a long shelf life (4 years), but most likely by that time the can will have already been used up. A bottle of hydrogen peroxide will also be helpful.
Antihistamines – are relevant in the warm season, in allergic dogs, during the period of activity of bees. Suprastin, diphenhydramine.
Novocaine is a versatile anesthetic drug used in veterinary medicine as a diluent, sometimes for external use on wounds.
Activated carbon, enterosgel – for the treatment of indigestion, intoxication.
Castor oil is used in practical veterinary medicine as an effective and cheap laxative.
With antipyretics, you need to be careful, since the inadequacy of the dose causes severe poisoning and destruction of red blood cells. Poisoning with minimal doses occurs in cats.
Antiemetic – cerucal. Use for debilitating vomiting and dangerous degree of dehydration.
For suspicious dogs and cats, a sedative will help to get rid of excessive excitement or fear. Herbal preparations (valerian) are mainly used.
Instrumentation and medical supplies
In addition to medicines, the first-aid kit must be equipped with special instruments and dressings:
- Thermometer (better electronic), petroleum jelly.
- Sterile gloves.
- Disposable syringes.
- Cotton wool, bandage, tourniquet.
Additional funds and tools depend only on the animal and associated pathologies. It is assumed that the dog or cat has been treated with insect-acaricidal preparations according to the instructions. We advise you to put on the lid of the first-aid kit basic data about its contents and the dosage sheet of the drug, so as not to look for them for a long time in the annotations.Do not self-medicate! Only a veterinarian can provide a full treatment after a personal examination! Remember all the steps that were taken to alleviate the condition of the animal, this data will help the doctor to adequately interpret the situation and cure the pet.